Welcome to Precinct 3
All Rights Reserved - Mark Vojvodich
Bexar County Constable Precinct 3
Copyright © 2011-2016
RSS Feed Widget
   Core duties of the constable:  first is that we are one of two constitutionally
required law enforcement officers under the Texas Constitution and being peace
officers is the first role. Then we have additional duties of attending to the JP Court,
serving civil papers, warrants and protecting the community as the COMMUNITY
directs us.  This includes school zone and child safety zones, narcotics and other
areas that come to our attention.  Constables are independently elected and held accountable
each four years by the public so we are very attentive to the public’s
needs and wishes. We do not work directly for any other county entity, as designed
by the 1865 Texas Constitution; the Constable is an elected official. The public can
contact us for their needs, regardless of if they live in an incorporated area or
unincorporated area.  

   Becoming noted peace keepers under King William the Conqueror in 1066, Constable's
responsibilities were expanded with the adoption of the Magna Carta,
which not only became the pattern for most of the world's Constitutions, but also
described Constables in written law. Constables have served the Justice Court
system since 1362.  

   In America, the first Constable was appointed in the Plymouth Colony in
1632. During that time, the leading official was the Justice of the Peace.  The
Constable enforced the orders of Colonial and County officials in both civil
and criminal matters.

   In Texas on March 5, 1823 Constable Thomas Alley was appointed in
Stephen F. Austin's original colony and sworn in by Judge John Tumlinson.
The Constables and Rangers combined became an active group of roughly two
hundred men. In 1836 that same group protected Sam Houston's armies from
Indians to insure victory against Santa Anna at the battle of San Jacinto.  The
Constable was later written into Constitutional law and was the only law
enforcement defined by the original Texas Constitution.   At that time, Sam
Houston formerly separated the two groups.  The Constable would be elected
by the people in each area, known as Precincts.  The Texas Rangers became
an Officer of the new Republic.  Both groups would be commissioned and
report directly to the Governor.  Today that still holds true.

   Today, Constables are elected and serve a four-year term which runs on
the same cycle as the President of the United States.  The law defines that the
Constable is an associate member of the Texas Department of Public Safety and
given that same authority.  They are the Officers of the Justice of the Peace Court.
Each Constable will appoint Deputies to work under his authority.  Each Deputy
is given the same authority as the Constable himself.  A Constable is considered
to be the “Peoples Police” because of their Constitutional origin.  

   Constables are given Constitutional authority to enforce both Civil and
Criminal laws.  State and City Police Officers are given the authority to only
enforce Criminal laws. There are approximately 770 elected Constables in the
State of Texas.  To this day Texas Constable's and Texas DPS (Troopers and
Rangers) all work very close together and both use the Justice of the Peace as
their primary judge/court.  Constable's have county wide jurisdiction and similar
to Sheriff; Constables, report only to the Governor and citizens that elect them
to serve.  Pct 3 prides itself as being fully community driven and fully embracing
their roles as public servants.  We never forget that each citizen is our direct boss
and that citizens directions and instructions our first priority.  

   Under the Texas Code of Criminal Procedure Article 2.12 “Who are Peace
Officers”, Constables, are the second mentioned as to who Peace Officers are.   
Police are a constituted body of persons empowered by the state to enforce the law,
protect property, and limit civil disorder. The term is most commonly associated
with police services of a state that are authorized to exercise the police power of
that state within a defined legal or territorial area of responsibility.   Alternative
names for police include Constabulary or Constable, gendarmerie, police department,
police services, crime prevention, protective services, and law enforcement agency.